Candy Mountain Interpretive Loop

Friends of Badger Mountain, in partnership with the local chapter of the Native Plant Society, Ice Age Flood Institute, and Benton County, established the Interpretive Loop Trail in the saddle of Candy Mountain. The loop is 1.2 miles long (round trip) starting from the parking lot and has very little elevation gain.

See the plant signs along the Interpretive Loop: (For more information on the native plants click on the Common Name)

Wyoming Big Sagebrush  |  Gray Rabbitbrush  |  Green RabbitbrushRock Buckwheat  |  Spiny HospageBigseed Biscuitroot  |  Bluebunch Wheatgrass  |  Indian Ricegrass  |  Sandberg’s Bluegrass  |  Needle & Thread Grass  |  Cheatgrass  |  Carey’s Balsamroot  |  Long-Leaf Phlox  |  Turpentine Spring Parsley  |  Jim Hill’s Tumblemustard  |  Yarrow  |  Fiddleneck  |  Low Pussytoes  |  Low Buckwheat Milkvetch  |  Woolly-Pod Milkvetch  |  Dusty Maiden  |  Slender Hawksbeard  |  Threadleaf Fleabane  |  Piper’s Daisy  |  Munro’s Globemallow  |  Showy Townsend-Daisy  |  Hoary Aster  |  Crouching Milkvetch  |  Basalt Rock


Wyoming Big Sagebrush

(Artemisia tridentata spp. wyomingenisis)

NATIVE – The signature species of the shrubsteppe landscape, its evergreen leaves and abundant seed production provide an essential winter food source for many mammals and birds.

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wyoming big sagebrush


Gray Rabbitbrush

(Ericameria nauseosa)

NATIVE – Narrow leaves covered in fine white hairs help tell this from green rabbitbrush. It’s covered in clusters of small yellow flowers in late summer. The pink mariposa lily just happened to grow here.

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gray rabbitbrush


Green Rabbitbrush

(Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus)

NATIVE – Narrow leaves that are green and hairless distinguish this from gray rabbitbrush. Yellow flowers cover the plant in late summer.

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green rabbitbrush


Rock Buckwheat

(Eriogonum sphaerocephalum)

NATIVE – One of several buckwheat species in the region, rock buckwheat grows where the soil is very rocky. It has bright yellow flowers in spring.

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rock_buckwheat


Spiny Hopsage

(Grayia spinosa)

NATIVE – Hopsage has separate male and female plants.  The female has colorful bracts around the flowers in late spring. The leaves and seeds drop off in the heat of summer.

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spiny hoopsage


Bigseed Biscuitroot

(Lomatium macrocarpum)

NATIVE – This low growing plant is an early spring bloomer in dry open spaces. It has a thick tuberous root.

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bigseed biscuitroot


Bluebunch Wheatgrass

(Pseudoroegneria spicata)

NATIVE – The “State Grass” of Washington, it blankets much of the eastern half of the state with tall upright stems that provide shelter for ground-nesting birds.

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bluebunch wheatgrass


Indian Ricegrass

(Achnatherum hymenoides)

NATIVE – Usually growing  1-2 feet tall in sandy soil, ricegrass has delicate stems topped by small round, hairy seeds in spring.

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indian ricegrass


Sandberg’s Bluegrass

(Poa secunda)

NATIVE – Usually topping out at less than 1 foot, this bunchgrass is shorter than most in our region, but is found broadly throughout the shrubsteppe.

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sandbergs bluegrass


Needle-&-Thread Grass

(Hesperostipa comata)

NATIVE – Long tails (awns) at the end of the very pointed and sharp seed give this bunchgrass it’s common name.  It grows up to 3 feet tall in dry sandy or gravelly soil, going dormant in summer.

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needle and thread grass


Cheatgrass

(Bromus tectorum)

NON-NATIVE – Invasive annual grass that transforms landscapes, filling the open spaces between native plants.  After it displaces other species, it dries-out and leaves a carpet of fuel for wildfires.

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cheatgrass


Carey’s Balsamroot

(Balsamorhiza careyana)

NATIVE – Bright yellow flowers and large shiny green leaves make this plant easy to spot in spring.

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careys balsamroot


Long-Leaf phlox

(Phlox longifolia)

NATIVE – Preferring silty or sandy soil, phlox has abundant small pink flowers in spring.

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long leaf phlox


Turpentine Spring Parsley

(Cymopteris terebithinus)

NATIVE – This perennial has flowers in early to mid-spring. It usually grows in sandy soil or other drought-stressed habitats.

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turpentine spring parsley


Jim Hill’s Tumblemustard

(Sisymbrium altissimum)

NON-NATIVE – Originally from Europe, this annual weed grows up to 4 feet tall. When dry, the stem breaks off, tumbling to spread seeds.

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jim hills tumblemustard


Yarrow

(Achillea millefolium)

NATIVE – Identifiable by its fern-like leaves and white flower clusters, yarrow is commonly found throughout Washington and from sea-level to the high mountains.

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yarrow


Fiddleneck

(Amsinckia lycopsoides)

NATIVE – An annual, fiddleneck grows up to 15 inches tall with distinctive yellow flowers that uncoil as bloom progresses. Its tiny, sliver-like hairs are an annoying memento for hikers and gardeners.

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fiddleneck


Low Pussytoes

(Antennaria dimorpha)

NATIVE – A small, compact plant only an inch or two tall, low pussytoes has male and female flowers on separate plants in spring.

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low pussytoes


Low Buckwheat Milkvetch

(Astragalus caricinus)

NATIVE – Stems and leaves are covered with white wooly hairs, making it look gray-green.  Flowers are small, about ½  inch long.

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low buckwheat milkvetch


Woolly-Pod Milkvetch

(Astragalus purshii)

NATIVE – A small plant with lavender pea-type flowers, followed by distinctive white fuzzy pods.

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woolly pod milkvetch


Dusty Maiden

(Chaenactis douglasii)

NATIVE – Distinctive clusters of white to pink flowers extend above finely toothed gray-green wooly leaves in spring.

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dusty maiden


Slender Hawksbeard

(Crepis atrabarba)

NATIVE – Deeply toothed leaves sit below multiple stems bearing bright yellow flowers.

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slender hawksbeard


Threadleaf Fleabane

(Erigeron filifolius)

NATIVE – Very narrow leaves give this plant it’s name. Small white to pink daisy-type flowers in spring.

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threadleaf fleabane


Piper’s Daisy

(Erigeron piperianus)

NATIVE – Small but obvious with its bright yellow inflorescence. We are fortunate to have healthy populations of this uncommon plant on Badger and Candy Mountains.

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pipers daisy


Munro’s Globemallow

(Sphaeralcea munroana)

NATIVE – Common in the Mid-Columbia, its profuse orange flowers are unique in our area and can bloom late into the summer, creating striking scenes across dense populations.

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munros globemallow


Showy Townsend-Daisy

(Townsendia florifer)

NATIVE – A low-growing plant in the shrub-steppe, it has light pink to white flowers that are a little bigger than similar white daisy-types.

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showy townsend daisy


Hoary Aster

(Machaeranthera canescens)

NATIVE – Pale lavender to bright blueish purple flowers arrive in the fall. It usually lives 2 years, getting bigger the second year.

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hoary aster


Crouching Milkvetch

(Astragalus succumbens)

NATIVE – One of the showiest milkvetches, crouching milkvetch has large clusters of purplishpink and white flowers in spring and curved pods in summer.

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crouching milkvetch


Basalt Rock

The reddish-brown rock that we see all around us here in the Columbia Basin is a volcanic rock called basalt.  It erupted from giant fissures in the Earth’s surface in a series of events between 6 and 17 million years ago, covering thousands of square miles of Idaho, Oregon, and Washington to a depth of over 2 miles in some places.  Collectively, these volcanic flood episodes and the rock they created are called the “Columbia River Basalt Group.”

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